Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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8.6. The Praedicativum as bearer of Focus

K.–St. (I.234) remark that the constituents described by me as Praedicativa often contain `the essential information of the sentence'. [53] In the examples of Praedicativa given by K.–St. this does not always hold true. In instances such as (105)–(107) the Praedicativum does, indeed, seem to have Focus function:

(105) quarta autem est, quae quia postrema coaedificata est, Neapolis nominatur (`There is a fourth city, which is called Naples, because it was built last', Cic. Ver. 4.119)

(106) haec gens litteras prima aut docuit aut didicit (`This nation was the first to either teach or learn writing', Curt. 4.4.19)

(107) princeps in proelium ibat, ultimus conserto proelio excedebat (`He was first to enter into the battle, the last to leave it once the fighting had begun', Liv. 21.4.8)

These instances involve an order of importance, which is often accompanied by emphasis. Cf. also:

(108) omnium mihi videor … eloquentissimos audisse Ti. et C. Sempronios (`The most eloquent of all I think I have heard were Ti. and C.S.', Cic. de Orat. 1.38)

By translating the Praedicativum as a main sentence we can clearly express the emphasis. Many of the instances discussed above, however, involve hardly any emphasis, or none at all. Further research is required on this point.

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Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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