Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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8.2. The distribution of Praedicativa

In the vast majority of the instances the Praedicativum refers to the Subject constituent. The predicates of the main predication belong to a limited number of groups, e.g. verbs meaning `to go' [15] and a number of copula-like verbs (`to remain', `to come into being', etc.; see crosssection 8.5.3. on p. 159). In (10) and (20) above the Praedicativum refers to the Object. Other examples are (36) and (37):

(36) parvum ego, Iugurtha, te amisso patre sine spe sine opibus in meum regnum accepi (`I., I took you into the royal household when you were a small boy, an orphan without prospects or means', Sal. Jug. 10.1)

(37) erum saluto primum, ut aequumst (`I first greet my lord, as I should', Pl. Ps. 455)

An example of a Praedicativum referring to a Complement is (38):

(38) mi inani atque inopi subblandibitur (`She will flatter me, while I am poor and without money', Pl. Bac. 517)

Examples of a Praedicativum referring to an Indirect Object are (39) and (40):

(39) vobis …, patres conscripti, singulis et egi et agam gratias (`You, members of the senate, I have thanked separately, and will do so again', Cic. Red. Sen. 30)

(40) Athenienses, quibus primis post regiam legationem dicendi … potestas facta est (`The Athenians, who were the first to be given the word after the royal delegation', Liv. 35.32.12)

Praedicativa occur much less frequently with other types of constituent, such as satellites and constituents on the noun phrase level. Some exceptional examples are (41) (Beneficiary) and (42) (Attribute):

(41) iam intellegis … sibi soli, societati nihil Roscium petisse (`You already understand that R. has asked something merely for himself, not for the group', Cic. Q. Rosc. 51)

(42) cuius … iniurati nutu … terrarum orbis regebatur (`Who, unsworn, controlled the earth by his nod', Cic. Font. 24)

It turns out that the various categories distinguished in crosssection 8.1. differ as to the existence of restrictions on their occurrence. There do not seem to be any restrictions on the occurrence of pronouns, quantifying adjectives, adjectives indicating a certain order (ordinals and the like) and participles. The

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restrictions are strongest for preposition phrases and the ablative of description, which seems to occur only with Subject constituents (but see example (36) above). [16]

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Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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