Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
Previous Sub2Sect

Next Sub2Sect

8.1.3 Participles

Participles in the function Praedicativum are in the grammars classified under the heading predicative (or `adverbial') participle (participium coniunctum). They are generally said to fulfil a function similar to that of adverbial subordinate clauses (see K.–St. I.771 ff.; Sz. 384 ff.). See crosssection 8.4.

(19) Lucius Petrosidius aquilifer … pro castris fortissime pugnans occiditur (`L.P., the standard-bearer, was killed in front of the camp while he was fighting most courageously', Caes. Gal. 5.37.5)

(20) Persae etiam (mortuos) cera circumlitos condunt (`The Persians even bury their dead covered with wax', Cic. Tusc. 1.108)

(21) hanc adepti victoriam in perpetuum se fore victores confidebant (`Having obtained this victory, they thought they would be victorious for ever', Caes. Gal. 5.39.4)

(22) P. Servilius … adest de te sententiam laturus (`P.S. is here to pass judgment on you', Cic. Ver. 1.56)

Cf. also example (3). Unlike, as we have seen, nouns and adjectives, participles in the function Praedicativum can also express anteriority ((20), (21)) [10] and posteriority ((22)) to the state of affairs of the main predication (see below p. 150).

Previous Sub2Sect

Next Sub2Sect


Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
Powered by PhiloLogic