Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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7.4.3 Predicates allowing both AcI and accusative + prolative infinitive

The description of admonere in reality turns out to be slightly more complicated. With admonere we not only find a three-place construction with a prolative infinitive as third argument (like admoneo te venire) but also a three-place construction with an AcI-construction as third argument (like admoneo te hostes venire, `I warn you that the enemies are coming'). In English, too, these frames may be discerned `to warn someone to … ' and `to warn someone that something is the case', respectively. Examples of admonere aliquem + AcI are:

(44d) tantum te admonebo … te his daturum (salutem) (see p. 115)

(44e) admonitus sum ab illo … dici posse (see p. 115)

This `true' AcI is naturally not subject to the restrictions mentioned above ( crosssection 7.4.2.) for admonere + accusative + prolative infinitive.

The same possibility (three-place construction with as third argument either a prolative infinitive or an AcI) is found with docere (`to teach'), since this verb, too, has an Addressee marked by the accusative (in the active voice); see examples (39e) and (39d) on p. 113. Other verbs of communication, such as persuadere, do not show this at first sight striking co-occurrence of two accusative constituents with one predicate, since there the Addressee is as a rule marked by the dative (see example (43d) on p. 115: hos homines cannot be interpreted as Addressee). The difference between prolative infinitive and AcI with admonere and docere correlates with the difference between imperative and declarative modality of the embedded predication. We return to this difference in crosssection 7.4.4.

The verbs meaning `to order', in particular iubere, constitute a separate problem, which did not appear clearly from tables 7.4 and 7.5 on pp. 108 and 112, respectively. [45] With this group of verbs we find both a three-place construction with a prolative infinitive and a two-place construction with a `true' AcI. Examples of the three-place construction are (41d) and (42c) on p. 114. Examples of the two-place construction referred to are:

(94)
iussi...ianuam claudi (see (42d))
/...ianuam patere
imperavi...te laudari

Also possible is (two-place!!):

(95)
iussi...te venire
imperavi...te venire
(`I have given the order that you must come')

In the interpretation aimed at here te is not the Addressee of the order. Naturally, iussi te venire can also mean `I have ordered you to come'; this is,

-- 129 --

therefore, a case of structural ambiguity. Note that this ambiguity does not exist in the case of imperare, since with imperare the Addressee is marked by the dative (imperavi tibi venire). [46]

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Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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