Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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7.2.2 Two-place (main) predicates

In this section we deal with the same constructions as in the preceding one. I give one example of the so-called impersonal constructions (necesse est, propositum est + dative + infinitive) and of the adjectives. Adjectives which also have an impersonal construction have already been discussed in crosssection 7.2.1. (e.g. difficile). [11] Table 7.4
(Main) predicateForm of embedded predication
Embedded predicate: finiteEmbedded predicate: non-finite
(ut) non(ut) nene nonquod/quia nonquinotherdependent questionInf.AcINcIAcPaDPtcGerSup
necesse estb+------+------
Abbreviations as for table 7.1
a AcP: accusative + present participle.
b See table 7.1, note e.
c I am referring to the construction audire aliquem cum as in ex. (26a).
d TLL s.v. 349.42 ff. mentions late instances of AcI (Lucifer, Chiron); in Augustine in psalm 36, serm. 2.1 the AcI is dependent on optat.
e non metuo quin: see K.-St. II.256, A.4. AcI constructions only late.
f Instances with quin i.a. Cic. Rep. 1.50 quin serviant … fieri non potest (`It is impossible that they will not be slaves') (TLL s.v. 106.77 ff.). For quo and quominus TLL s.v. 106.58 ff.; see also TLL s.v. 107.15 ff.
g In Plin. Ep. 9.33.2 the AcI is governed by statui (contra TLL, s.v. deliberare 440.65 ff.).

Examples of constructions with two-place (main) predicates (table 7.4)


(24a) pro hoc mihi patronus sim necesse est (`For him I must be a `patronus", Pl. Poen. 1244)

-- 109 --

(24b) non est omnibus stantibus necesse dicere (`It is not necessary that all should stand up to speak', Cic. Marc. 33)


(25a) mortem … timens cupidusque moriri (`Fearing death and longing to die', Ov. Met. 14.215)

(25b) tu qui valde spectandi cupidus esses (`You who were very much eager to see them', Cic. de Orat. 1.162)


(26a) saepe enim soleo audire Roscium, cum … dicat … (`Often I hear R., when he says …', Cic. de Orat. 1.129)

(26b) nemo fere vestrum est quin quemadmodum captae sint a M. Marcello Syracusae saepe audierit (`Hardly anyone among you has not often heard how Syracuse was captured by M.', Cic. Ver. 4.115)

(26c) M. vero Scaurus, quem non longe ruri apud se esse audio (`M.S., who, as I am told, is not far from here at his country estate', Cic. de Orat. 1.214)

(26d) bellum … ante audierunt geri quam parari (`They heard that the war was being waged before they heard that it was being prepared', Cic. Lig. 3)

(26e) Bibulus nondum audiebatur esse in Syria (`There was no word so far of B. being in Syria', Cic. Att. 5.18.1)

(26f) idque Socratem … audio dicentem … (`I hear Socrates say that …', [12] Cic. Fin. 2.90)


(27a) Helvetii … si perrumpere possent conati … telis repulsi hoc conatu destiterunt (`The Helvetians tried to force a break-through; pushed back by spears they desisted from their attempt', Caes. Gal. 1.8.4)

(27b) quod sibi probare non possit, id persuadere alteri conetur (`He is trying to persuade the other of something he cannot prove himself', Cic. Q. Rosc. 4)


(28a) tibi cum omnia mea commendatissima esse cupio tum nihil magis, quam ne tempus nobis provinciae prorogetur (`I wish all my affairs to have your attention, and above all that my term as provincial administrator is not extended', Cic. Fam. 2.8.3)

(28b) tu vellem ego vel cuperem adesses (`I would want, or rather, wish you to be here', Cic. Att. 2.18.4)

-- 110 --

(28c) qua exposita scire cupio quae causa sit cur Zeno … (`After this exposition I wish to know what the reason was why Zeno …', Cic. Fin. 4.19) [13]

(28d) liberos suos … beatos esse cupiat (`He wishes his children to be happy', Cic. Inv. 1.48) [14]

(28e) ego me cupio non mendacem putari (`I do not wish to be regarded as a liar', Cic. Leg. 1.4)


(29a) tu malim … actum ne agas (`I would prefer you not to act upon matters that have been closed', Cic. Att. 9.18.3)

(29b) malo non roges (`I had rather you did not ask questions', Cic. Tusc. 1.17) (contrastive non)

(29c) virtutum in alia alius mavult excellere (`Everyone wants to excel in another virtue', Cic. Off. 1.115)

(29d) sed fortasse maluit … omnium … esse princeps (`But perhaps he wanted to be the best of all', Cic. Brut. 151)

(29e) Afer aut Sardus …, si ita se isti malunt nominari (`African or Sardinian, if that is what they prefer to be called', Cic. Scaur. 15)


(30a) illud gaudeo, quod … aequalitas vestra et … abest ab obtrectatione <et> invidia … (`I am glad that your equality does not cause disparaging behaviour or jealousy', Cic. Brut. 156)

(30b) et quom te gravidam et quom te pulchre plenam aspicio, gaudeo (`And when I see you pregnant and beautifully full, I rejoice', Pl. Am. 681)

(30c) abs quivis homine … beneficium accipere gaudeas (`You can look forward to receiving favours from anyone, no matter who', [15] Ter. Ad. 254)

(30d) venire tu me gaudes (`You are happy about my arrival', Pl. Bac. 185)

(30e) cum … valde absoluto Scaevola gauderet (`When he was very pleased with the acquittal of S.', Cic. de Orat. 2.281)


(31a) atque etiam id ipsum, quod tu scribis, metuebam, ne a me distrahi non posses (`And I was afraid of the very thing you mentioned, viz. that you could not tear yourself away from me', Cic. 1.3.4)

(31b) ego ... non tam veteranos metuendos nobis arbitror quam quid ... cuncta Italia ... sentiat (`I think that we should not fear so much the veterans as what the whole of Italy feels', Cic. Phil. 11.39) [added 12-08]

(31c) ego nec tumultum nec mori per vim metuam tenente Caesare terras (`I will fear neither unrest nor violent death as long as Caesar governs the world', Hor. C. 3.14.14–16)

-- 111 --

(31d) an metuit (anima) conclusa manere in corpore putri et … (`Or is the soul afraid to be left behind, in a rotting body and …', Lucr. 3.773)


(32a) nam quod rogas curem ut scias quid Pompeius agat (`For as to the fact that you ask me to let you know how P. is', Cic. Att. 7.12.1)

(32b) is curavit quod argumentum ex Dionysio ipse sumpsisset ex eo ceteri sumerent (`He made sure that the argument which he had taken from D. was taken from him by the others', Cic. Ac. 2.71)

(32c) ea nolui scribere quae nec … nec docti legere curarent (`I did not want to write those things … which learned men do not find worth reading', Cic. Ac. 1.4)

(32d) nec vera virtus … curat reponi deterioribus (`True courge does not wish to return into people who are less good', Hor. C. 3.5.29–30)

(32e) ut natura et procreari vellet et diligi procreatos non curaret (`That nature both wanted procreation and did not make sure that those who are born receive love', Cic. Fin. 3.62)

(32f) … eum hominem occidendum curavit (`He had this man killed', Cic. S. Rosc. 103) [16]


(33a) splendor vester facit ut peccare sine summo rei publicae detrimento … non possitis (`Your splendid record makes it impossible for you to err without doing serious harm to the state', Cic. Ver. 1.22)

(33b) fecisti ut ne cui innocenti maeror tuus calamitatem … adferret (`You have ensured that your grief did not cause a disaster for an innocent person', Cic. Clu. 168)

(33c) bene facis … quod me adiuvas (`You do well to help me', Cic. Fin. 3.16)

(33d) visum est faciendum … vos certiores facere (`It seems necessary to inform you', Sulp. in Cic. Fam. 4.12.1) [17]

(33e) (actio) tales … oratores videri facit, quales ipsi se videri volunt (`The delivery causes the orators to make the impression they want to make', Cic. Brut. 142) [18]


(34a) brevior iam in scribendo incipio fieri (`I am already beginning to write more concisely', Cic. Att. 5.6.2)

(34b) nunc quoniam de re publica consuli coepti sumus (`Now that we are again asked for political advice', Cic. Div. 2.7)

-- 112 --


(35a) deliberant quid agant (`They are deliberating as to what to do', Rhet. Her. 3.5.8)

(35b) cum deliberassent nobiscum bellum gerere (`While they had considered waging war against us', Rhet. Her. 4.13)

(35c) non de absolvendo Apronio deliberarent (`They would not have considered the release of A.', Cic. Ver. 3.31)

A number of nouns (such as dies (`day'), comitia (`elections'), locus (`place', `opportunity')) may be construed with esse and a gerund(ive) construction in the dative:

(36) dies is erat legitimus comitiis habendis (`According to law, this was the day for holding the elections', Cic. Ver. 2.129, cf. K.–St. I.748–9)

The same nouns can also be used with transitive verbs, again with a gerund(ive) construction in the dative:

(37) quibus (imaginibus) non … imitandis … tibi locum ullum reliquisti (`You have left yourself no room for imitating these', Cic. de Orat. 2.226)

Such expressions have been left out of account here, as well as opus est + dative.

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Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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