Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].

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6.3.1 Polyvalent nouns

In the examples in the preceding sections we have already seen several NPs with a polyvalent noun functioning as Head (e.g. caritas in (1), translatio in (11), cupiditas in (28)). See furthermore (43)–(45):

(43) propter animi multarum rerum brevi tempore percursionem (`On account of the review of many things by the mind in a short time', Cic. Tusc. 4.31)

(44) est lex iustorum iniustorumque distinctio (`Law is the distinction between just and unjust', cf. Cic. Leg. 2.13)

(45) declinatio brevis a proposito (`A short digression from the subject', cf. Cic. de Orat. 3.205)

With polyvalent nouns, which are often morphologically related to a verb, we also find optional Attributes (ingenitae in (1), brevi tempore in (43), brevis in (45)), in addition to obligatory Attributes. As with predicates, it is often difficult to determine the exact valency of nouns. As we see in example (11), the distinction between the Agent of translatio (Sullae, Caesaris) and the Patient pecuniarum on the one hand and the `Source' Adjunct a iustis dominis and the Direction Adjunct ad alienos, on the other, is difficult to determine.

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Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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