Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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5.3.1 Distribution of prepositions

From table 5.2 on p. 42 we may deduce the following relation in the underlying corpus between the use of prepositions (and the case form they govern) to mark noun phrases and the use of oblique cases:
- Prep.+ Prep.
Obj./Compl. two-place verbs14888
Compl. three-place verbs4748
On the noun phrase level nominal constituents are, of course, much less often marked by a preposition than by the genitive, but still slightly more frequently than by dative and ablative taken together. In prose prepositions are used more often than in poetry (table 5.3 on p. 42).

To illustrate the distribution of prepositions indicated above I give some examples of the preposition de on each of the various levels.

(a) de as a marker of satellites

(66) de vehiculo … dicebat (`He spoke from a cart', Nepos Tim. 4.2)

-- 66 --

(67) non bonust somnus de prandio (`It is not healthy to sleep immediately after a meal', Pl. Mos. 697)

(68) (Regulus) de captivis commutandis Romam missus esset (`R. had been sent to Rome in order to speak about the exchange of prisoners', Cic. Off. 1.39)

(69) de talento nulla causa est quin feras (`As for this talent, there is no reason why you should not take it', Pl. Rud. 1397)

(b) de as a marker of Complement constituents

(70) qui … de veneficiis accusabant (`Those who made accusations of poisoning', Cic. S. Rosc. 90)

(71) de Hortensio te certo scio dolere (`I know for sure that you are sad about H.', Cic. Att. 6.6.2)

(72) cum … senatus de annona haberetur (`When there were meetings of the senate about the corn supply', Cic. Att. 4.1.6) [46]

(73) ut de istius facto dubium esse nemini possit (`In order that nobody may have any doubt as to his deed', Cic. Ver. 4.91)

(74) his de rebus conscium esse Pisonem (`That P. was an accomplice in these deeds', Cic. Att. 2.24.3)

(c) de as a marker of constituents on the noun phrase level (governed by a noun phrase)

(75) horrifico lapsu de montibus adsunt (`With a frightening swoop from the mountains they are upon us', Verg. A. 3.225)

(76) nullus umquam de Sulla nuntius ad me (pervenit) (`No message concerning S. ever reached me', Cic. Sul. 14)

(77) ut aliquam partem de istius impudentia reticere possim (`That I can keep to myself some part of his impudence', Cic. Ver. 1.32)

(78) de collegio quis tandem adfuit? (`Who was there, then, of the board?', Cic. Dom. 117)

(79) de tribus enim quae proposui hoc extremum est (`For of the three things I have proposed this is the last one', Cic. Phil. 7.21)

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Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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