Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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Contents

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Prefacexi
1Introduction1
1.1.The structure of the sentence1
1.2.Semantic, syntactic and pragmatic functions3
Bibliographical information4
2Nuclear predication6
2.1.How to make a distinction between arguments and satellites;
the co-existence of more predicate frames with one predicate
6
2.1.1Problems6
2.1.2Tests for establishing the valency of a predicate10
2.2.The syntactic functions of arguments12
2.3.The semantic functions of arguments15
2.4.A classification of nuclear predications16
2.5.Examples of nuclear predications19
Bibliographical information24
3Periphery 1: Adjuncts25
3.1.Restrictions on the addibility of Adjuncts25
3.2.Arguments and Adjuncts with the same semantic function27
3.3.The semantic function of Adjuncts28
3.4.Semantic function and lexical meaning29
Bibliographical information31
4Periphery 2: Disjuncts (sentence adverbials) and Theme constituents32
4.1.Disjuncts32
4.1.1So-called modal adverbs32
4.1.2Attitudinal Disjuncts33
4.1.3So-called Style Disjuncts34
4.1.4Pseudo-Purpose satellites34
4.1.5Pseudo-Conditions35
4.1.6Pseudo-Cause satellites36
4.1.7Limitation of validity36
4.2.Theme constituents37
Bibliographical information38
5Relators39
5.1.Cases, prepositions and subordinators39
5.2.Cases40
5.2.1Distribution of the cases; main characteristics of the
system
40
5.2.2The use of cases in the nuclear predication43
5.2.3The use of cases in the periphery47
5.2.4Problems with regard to the postulated case system on
the sentence level
48
5.2.5The use of cases on the noun and adjective phrase level58
5.2.6The relation between case system and sentence structure60
5.2.7Conclusion65
5.3.Prepositions65
5.3.1Distribution of prepositions65
5.3.2The relation between cases and prepositions66
5.3.3Idiomatic use of prepositions68
5.3.4The internal structure of prepositional phrases70
5.3.5Conclusion71
5.4.Subordinators71
5.5.Agreement (within noun phrases)71
Bibliographical information72
6The (internal) structure of noun phrases73
6.1.Head constituents75
6.2.Categories of constituents in the function Attribute75
6.2.1NPs as Attributes75
6.2.2Prepositional phrases as Attributes76
6.2.3Adverbs as Attributes77
6.2.4Embedded predications on the noun phrase level78
6.3.Obligatory and non-obligatory Attributes; complex Attributes83
6.3.1Polyvalent nouns83
6.3.2Non-omissibility of Attributes in certain types of context83
6.3.3Complex Attributes83
6.4.Hierarchical structure of NPs (nesting)84
6.5.Absence of a Head constituent and so-called substantive use88
6.5.1`Independent' (Headless) relative clauses90
6.6.The semantic structure of noun phrases; formal characteristics90
6.7.Definite/indefinite noun phrases93
6.8.Apposition96
Bibliographical information97
7Complex sentences (embedded predications on the sentence level)99
7.1.Introduction99
7.1.1Working definition of the notion `complex sentence'99
7.1.2The modality of the embedded predication (semantic
differences between types of embedded predication)
100
7.2Embedded predications functioning as arguments101
7.2.1One-place predicates103
7.2.2Two-place (main) predicates108
7.2.3Three-place predicates112
7.3.Embedded predications functioning as satellites115
7.3.1Satellites in the function Adjunct116
7.3.2Embedded predications as satellites in the function
Disjunct
121
7.3.3Clauses with or without a correlating adverb121
7.4Discussion of some individual constructions122
7.4.1Criteria to distinguish between arguments and satellites122
7.4.2AcI and accusative + prolative infinitive126
7.4.3Predicates allowing both AcI and accusative + prolative infinitive128
7.4.4Interchangeability of infinitive construction and
ut-clause
129
7.4.5Nominativus cum Infinitivo (NcI)130
7.4.6Accusativus cum Participio (praesentis)131
7.4.7Dominant participle construction132
7.4.8Survey of the restrictions and criteria relevant to
complex sentences
134
7.5.Personal and impersonal constructions135
7.5.1Constat135
7.5.2Copula + adjective + supine136
7.5.3NcI137
7.5.4Debere and posse137
7.6.Historical approach to the phenomenon of complex sentences
and of certain types of complex sentence
138
7.6.1Hypotaxis in general139
7.6.2Specific complex sentences139
Bibliographical information141
8Praedicativum142
8.1.The categories of lexemes which may occur as Praedicativum143
8.1.1Nouns143
8.1.2Adjectives143
8.1.3Participles145
8.1.4Gerundives145
8.1.5Pronouns145
8.1.6Preposition phrases146
8.1.7Noun phrases in ablative or genitive (so-called ablative
and genitive of description)
146
8.2.The distribution of Praedicativa147
8.3.The Praedicativum as `embedded predication'148
8.3.1Possible paraphras. e with esse + Subject Complement,
casu quo finite verb forms
148
8.3.2Negation of the Praedicativum152
8.3.3The temporal reference of the Praedicativum152
8.3.4The internal structure of Praedicativa153
8.4.Praedicativum and other satellites154
8.4.1Adjectives `instead of' adverbs154
8.4.2Participles and adverbial clauses157
8.5.Structural ambiguity158
8.5.1Praedicativum and Attribute158
8.5.2Praedicativum and Apposition159
8.5.3Praedicativum and Subject Complement159
8.5.4Praedicativum and Object Complement160
8.5.5Praedicativum and Dominant participle160
8.6.The Praedicativum as bearer of Focus161
Bibliographical information162
9Word order163
9.1.Definition of the notion `word order'163
9.2.Factors influencing the word order164
9.2.1Syntactic and pragmatic factors165
9.2.2The influence of the lexical category and the internal
structure of constituents
165
9.2.3The influence of sentence type and the distinction main
sentence/subordinate clause
167
9.3Order of constituents on the sentence level168
9.3.1Survey of the standard approach168
9.3.2Discussion of the standard approach169
9.3.2.1Position of sentence-connecting constituents
and pronouns
169
9.3.2.2First position for a `true' sentence constituent171
9.3.2.3The final position of the sentence178
9.3.2.4The relative order of constituents179
9.3.2.5Presentative sentences183
9.3.2.6Concluding remarks184
9.4.The order of constituents on the noun phrase level184
9.5.Stylistic factors186
9.6.Typological and diachronic factors187
Bibliographical information188
10Sentence type, illocutionary force and mood189
10.1.Sentence type, illocutionary force, mood: definitions189
10.2.Sentence type and illocutionary force191
10.2.1Sentence types; criteria191
10.2.1.1Declarative sentences193
10.2.1.2Interrogative sentences195
10.2.1.3Imperative sentences197
10.2.1.4Exclamative sentences201
10.2.2Illocutionary force202
10.2.2.1Criteria for the distinction of sentence types
and illocutionary force
202
10.2.2.2Relation between sentence type and illocutionary force205
10.3.The relation between the various uses of the moods206
10.3.1Distinction and relation between the uses of the moods207
10.3.2The moods in independent sentences and in subordinate
clauses
209
Bibliographical information213
11The Latin tense system214
11.1.Definitions214
11.1.1States of affairs and `Aktionsart'214
11.1.2Tense217
11.1.3Aspect220
11.1.4A terminological digression223
11.2.The individual verb forms223
11.2.1The finite verb forms223
11.2.1.1Indicative223
11.2.1.1.1 Present223
11.2.1.1.2 Future225
11.2.1.1.3 Future perfect226
11.2.1.1.4 Imperfect227
11.2.1.1.5 Perfect229
11.2.1.1.6 Pluperfect232
11.2.1.2 Subjunctive233
11.2.1.3 Imperative234
11.2.2The non-finite verb forms (especially participles)234
11.2.2.1 Participles234
11.2.2.2 Infinitives236
11.3.The role of the indicative of the various tenses in narrative texts236
11.3.1Imperfect and perfect as background and foreground
tenses
237
11.3.2Historic present239
11.3.3Pluperfect241
11.3.4Historic infinitive241
11.4.The use of the tenses by individual authors241
Bibliographical information242
12Beyond the sentence243
12.1.Text and textual cohesion243
12.2.Cohesion appearing from the presence or absence of specific
constituents
246
12.2.1Lexical cohesion246
12.2.2Anaphora and substitution249
12.2.3Cataphoric cohesion251
12.2.4Ellipsis251
12.2.5Connectors and other particles252
12.3.Other types of cohesion254
12.3.1Tense254
12.3.2Word order254
12.3.3Continuity of perspective255
12.4.Cohesion between sentences and within sentences (connectors,
coordinators and subordinators)
257
Bibliographical information258
Notes259
Bibliography295
Index316

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Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].
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