Charlton T. Lewis; Charles Short [1879], A Latin Dictionary; Founded on Andrews' edition of Freund's Latin dictionary (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [latindico18].
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retineorĕ-tĭnĕo, ŭi, tentum, 2, v. a. teneo.

I (With the signif. of the re predominating.) To hold or keep back, not let go; to detain, retain; to restrain (class.; cf. restringo).

   A Lit.: Ep. Asta, abire hinc non sinam. Th. Quid nunc me retines? Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 61: quotiens foras ego ire volo, me retines, revocas, id. Men. 1, 2, 5: quid, malum, astas? Quin retines altrinsecus? id. Mil. 2, 5, 36; id. Stich. 2, 3, 11: te dexterā retinens manu Opsecro, id. Capt. 2, 3, 82: si magis vis, eam omittam. Py. Nolo; retine, id. Mil. 4, 8, 27: retine me, id. Curc. 2, 3, 11; Ter. Heaut. 2, 4, 23: concilium dimittit, Liscum retinet, Caes. B. G. 1, 18: homines, Cic. Att. 13, 14, 1: ab his fit initium retinendi Silii, etc., Caes. B. G. 3, 8; 3, 9; 3, 10 et saep.: milites, id. ib. 7, 47; 7, 52; cf.: milites in loco, id. B. C. 3, 92: legiones ad urbem, id. ib. 1, 2; 1, 9: cohortes apud se, id. ib. 2, 19: venit Varro ad me, et quidem id tempus, ut retinendus esset, when he must be kept, Cic. Att. 13, 33, 4: biduum tempestate retentus, detained, Caes. B. C. 3, 102; cf. id. B. G. 7, 1; Plaut. Curc. 2, 1, 12; cf.: aegre sunt retenti, quin oppidum irrumperent, Caes. B. C. 2, 13 fin.: vi me, vi inquam, Plancius et complexu suo retinuit, Cic. Planc. 41, 100: nisi jam profecti sunt, retinebis homines, id. Att. 13, 14, 1: euntem, Ov. H. 18, 99: aliquem vinclis, id. R. Am. 213: consulem, Liv. 37, 51: morbo retineri, id. 34, 10; v. also infra, B.: armorum parte tertiā celatà atque in oppido retentā, Caes. B. G. 2, 32 fin.; 2, 33: naves pro bonis Tarquiniorum ab Aristodemo retentae sunt, i. e. as security, Liv. 2, 34, 4: vinum portantes naves tempestatibus retentas esse, id. 37, 27, 2; Plaut. Stich. 5, 4, 45: mercedem, to keep back, stop, id. As. 2, 4, 37: alienum, Cic. Fl. 23, 56: lacrimas, Ov. M. 1, 647: manus ab ore, id. ib. 9, 575 et saep.: mulierem, to hold, Plaut. Ep. 4, 1, 33; cf.: mulierem per vim, id. Bacch. 4, 8, 2: arcum manu, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 34, § 74: faculas sagittas, Prop. 2, 29 (3, 27), 5; cf.: injectā manu ferreā et retentā utrāque nave, Caes. B. C. 1, 58: sudor madidā veste retentus, Mart. 5, 79, 3.—

   B Trop., to hold in check, keep within bounds, to restrain, check, repress, etc.: hoc servi esse officium reor, retinere at salutem (erum), Plaut. Aul. 4, 1, 8: liberos retinere, Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 33; Cic. Rep. 2, 25, 46; cf.: moderantem cursum atque in suā potestate retinentem, id. ib. 1, 29, 45: gaudia, Ov. M. 12, 285: rabiem, id. ib. 3, 566: verba dolore, id. ib. 10, 474: aliquem in officio, Cic. Rosc. Am. 25, 70: animos sociorum in fide, Liv. 25, 40: retineri nequeo quin dicam ea, quae promeres, Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 15 (cf. supra, A.): quae (varietas) vehementer animos hominum in legendo tuo scripto retinere possit . . . ordo ipse annalium mediocriter nos retinet, binds, enchains, Cic. Fam. 5, 12, 4 and 5: (picus) Ore suo volucres vagas retinere solebat, Ov. M. 14, 340: lingua retenta metu, id. H. 11, 82: retinentibus vobis, erumperem, Curt. 6, 3, 5.—

II (With the signif. of the verb predominant.) To hold fast, keep, retain, preserve, maintain, etc. (freq. only since the class. per.; esp. freq. in the trop. signif.; cf. obtineo).

   A Lit.: potius mansuetudine et innocentiā imperatoris provinciam quam vi militum aut benignitate deorum retentam atque conservatam esse, Cato ap. Cic. Fam. 15, 5, 2: oppidum, Caes. B. G. 7, 21 fin.: arces (Minerva), to preserve, protect, Cat. 64, 8: id egit, ut amicos observantiā, rem parsimoniā retineret, Cic. Quint. 18, 59; cf.: retinere servareque amicos, Hor. S. 1, 1, 89: summos cum infimis pari jure, Cic. Off. 2, 12, 41: Aegyptum, Curt. 4, 1, 30: regionem, id. 6, 5, 21: neque virtutem qui habet virtute retinetur in vitā, Cic. Fin. 3, 18, 61 B. and K.: fortunam citius reperias quam retineas, Publ. Syr. 168 Rib. —

   B Trop.: retinete (fidem), post factum ut laetemini, Plaut. Rud. prol. 30: existimo jus augurum . . . rei publicae causā conservatum ac retentum, Cic. Div. 2, 35, 75; so, jus suum, id. Verr. 2, 3, 14, § 37; Caes. B. C. 1, 5: statum suum, Cic. Rep. 2, 23, 43: pristinam virtutem, Caes. B. G. 5, 48, 91; cf.: vestigium pristinae dignitatis, Cic. Sull. 32, 91: officium, id. Off. 3, 29, 105: justitiam (with colere), id. ib. 2, 12, 42 Beier; id. Inv. 1, 1, 3: caritatem in pastores, id. Lael. 19, 70: utilitatem in amicitiā et fidem, id. ib. 24, 88: hunc morem usque adhuc, id. Rep. 2, 20, 36; cf. id. ib. 2, 9, 16: de finibus retentae defensaeque sententiae, id. Tusc. 5, 30, 84: gravitatem retinere, iracundiam pellere, id. Off. 1, 38, 137: ferociam animi in vultu, Sall. C. 61, 4: memoriam suae pristinae virtutis, tot secundissimorum proeliorum, Caes. B. G. 2, 21; 7, 62: aliquid memoriā, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 7, 19; id. Rosc. Am. 12, 33: commissa (aures), Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 70 et saep.: ut Palaemo et Telamo et Plato dicerentur, retinuerunt, Quint. 1, 5, 60.— With ne, Cic. Rep. 2, 32, 56.—   2    Post-class. for memoriā retinere, to keep in mind, remember: sive ille Hasdrubal est, sive quis alius, non retineo, Gell. 17, 9, 16.—With object-clause: retineo me dixisse, Dig. 35, 1, 92 init.— Hence, rĕtĭnens, entis, P. a., holding fast, tenacious, observant of any thing (class.; cf. tenax); constr. with gen.: homo sui juris dignitatisque retinens, Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 3, § 11: nimium equestris juris et libertatis, id. Planc. 23, 55: avitae nobilitatis, Tac. A. 2, 38 fin.: modestiae, id. ib. 5, 11: Seleuci conditoris (civitas), i. e. retaining his institutions, id. ib. 6, 42; cf.: antiqui moris, id. ib. 16, 5 et saep. — Sup.: proprietatum in verbis retinentissimus, Gell. 10, 20, 10.
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Charlton T. Lewis; Charles Short [1879], A Latin Dictionary; Founded on Andrews' edition of Freund's Latin dictionary (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [latindico18].
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