(Ἀριστείδης). (1) An Athenian, surnamed “the Just,” son of Lysimachus, of an ancient and noble family. He fought at the battle of Marathon, B.C. 490; and in the next year, 489, was archon. He was the great rival of [ERROR: no link cross:]Themistocles, and it was through the influence of the latter with the people that he suffered ostracism (q.v.) in 483 or 482. He was still in exile in 480 at the battle of Salamis, where he did good service by dislodging the enemy, with a band raised and armed by himself, from the islet of Psyttalea. He was recalled from banishment after the battle, was appointed general in the following year (479), and commanded the Athenians at the battle of Plataea. In 477, when the allies had become disgusted with the conduct of Pausanias and the Spartans, he and his colleague Cimon had the glory of obtaining for Athens the command of the maritime confederacy
(2) The author of a licentious romance, in prose, entitled Milesiaca, having Miletus for its scene. It was translated into Latin by L. Cornelius Sisenna, a contemporary of Sulla , and became popular with the Romans. The title of his work gave rise to the term “Milesian” as applied to works of fiction.
(3) Of Thebes, a celebrated Greek painter, who flourished about B.C. 360-330. His pictures were so much valued that long after his death Attalus, king of Pergamus, offered 600,000 sesterces for one.
(4) See [ERROR: no link cross:]Theodorus.
(5) See [ERROR: no link cross:]Quintilianus.
Harry Thurston Peck , Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (Trustees of Tufts University, New York) [word count] [harpers_cls_ant1].